Energy storage is an emerging technology that is revolutionizing the automotive and electrical utility industries in addition to other sectors. This page is dedicated to providing some basic information on energy storage technology.
Policies and Programs:
Technology and Research Links:
Some Typical Specific Energy Densities [kWh/kg]:
0.00001 Electrostatic capacitor (typical electronic applications)
Some Energy Storage Equipment Costs [$US/kWh]:
$50 predicted cost for stationary storage
$82 Lead-acid battery
Source: $112/115 Ahr @12 V, Sears DieHard deep-cycle marine RV
$100-200 target cost for all-electric car
Source: White Paper by D. Rivkin
$160 Zinc hybird cathode (Eos Aurora)
Source: Eos Energy Storage, website, January, 2015
$250 cost for 4 MWh stationary battery system
Source: Chet Lyons, April 1, 2014, GreenTechMedia based on AES Energy Storage battery systems
$400 present (approx) cost of Tesla Model S Lithium-ion battery
$500 target for Liquid Metal Battery
$587 Aqueous Hybrid Ion (AHI™ Aquion M-line, 28.6 kWh)
Source: Budget quotation from Aquion, January 15, 2015
$1600 Lithium-ion battery w/ integrated converters
Source: $64k/40kWh Coda Energy
Source: $1,456/83F @48 V, Maxwell Technologies BMOD module
Some Energy Transportation Costs [$US/100-miles]:
$0.15 Electric bicycle
Source: ResearchGate: Using national average electrical energy cost of $0.12/kWh, 1.2 kWh required to go 100 miles at an average speed of 10 mi/hr, 83.3 mi/kWh, time to charge approximately 2 hr.
$5.31 Tesla Model S, 2014
Source: Charging calculator - Tesla Motors. Using national average electrical energy cost of $0.12/kWh (3-15-2014) and standard 110 V, 12 A, outlet, 150 miles, $7.96, 66.3 kWh, 2.26 mi/kWh, time to charge 00:46:03.
$17.68 Toyota Tacoma, 2008
Source: My truck - 4.0L V6, 85% octane gas using national average gas cost of $3.50/gal (3-15-2014) all time averages are 309.1 miles, 15.6 gal, 19.8 mi/gal, time to fuel 00:03:00.